In the criminal law, theft (also known as stealing) is the illegal taking of another person's property without that person's freely-given consent. As a term, it is used as shorthand for all major crimes against property, encompassing offences such as burglary, embezzlement, larceny, looting, robbery, trespassing, shoplifting, intrusion, fraud (theft by deception) and sometimes criminal conversion. In some jurisdictions, theft is considered to be synonymous with larceny; in others, theft has replaced larceny.

Someone who carries out an act of or makes a career of theft is known as a "thief".

The prohibition against desiring another's property applies at all times, in all places, to both men and women, and to all mankind. This is so because it is a part of the prohibition against stealing, which is one of the Seven Laws that all mankind is to observe.

16 Sub-Laws of the Laws of Theft According to

Rabbi Dr. Aaron Lichtenstein;

[13 Negative, 3 Positive]​

  1. “Against stealing, [i.e., by stealth]”

    Negative Mitzvah 244
    Leviticus 19:11 “Do not steal”

  2. “Against committing robbery, [i.e., openly]”

    Negative Mitzvah 245
    Leviticus 19:13 “Do not commit robbery”

  3. “Against shifting a landmark.”

    Negative Mitzvah 246
    Deuteronomy 19:14 “You shall not remove your neighbor’s boundary marker”

  4. “Against cheating.”

    Negative Mitzvah 247
    Leviticus 19:13 “You shall not defraud your neighbor”

  5. “Against repudiating a claim of money owed.”

    Negative Mitzvah 248
    Leviticus 19:11 “You shall not reply falsely”

  6. “Against overcharging.”

    Negative Mitzvah 250
    Leviticus 25:14 “You shall not defraud one another”

  7. “Against coveting.”

    Negative Mitzvah 265
    Exodus 20:14 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house”

  8. “Against desiring.”

    Negative Mitzvah 266
    Deuteronomy 5:18 “You shall not desire your neighbor’s house”

  9.  “A labourer shall be allowed to eat of the fruits among which he works [under certain conditions].”

    Positive Mitzvah 201
    Deuteronomy 23:2 “When you come (to work) in your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat the grapes…you may Pluck the ears”

  10. “Against a labourer eating of such fruit [when certain conditions are not met].”

    Negative Mitzvah 267
    Deuteronomy 23:26 “You shall not waive a sickle to your neighbor’s standing grain”

  11. “Against a labourer taking of such fruit home.”

    Negative Mitzvah 268
    Deuteronomy 23:25 “When you come into your neighbor’s vineyard, then you may eat your fill of grapes at your desire; but you shall not put any in your container”

  12. “Against kidnapping.”

    Negative Mitzvah 243
    Exodus 20:13 “Do not steal”

  13. “Against the use of false weights & measures.”

    Negative Mitzvah 271
    Leviticus 19:35 “You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment; in length, in weight or in measure”

  14. “Against the possession of false weights & measures.”

    Negative Mitzvah 272
    Deuteronomy 25:13 “You shall not have in your bag diverse weights, one large and one small”

  15. “That one shall be exact in the use of weights & measures.”

    Positive Mitzvah 208
    Leviticus 19:36 “Honest balance, honest weights, an honest dry measure and an honest liquid measure, you shall have”

  16. “That the robber shall return [or pay for] the stolen object.”

    Positive Mitzvah 194
    Leviticus 5:23 “He shall return that which he stole”

Especially now in these turbulent times, when so many people everywhere feel pressured and unsettled as a result of the global financial crisis, it is more important than ever to focus on the most important part of life: the spiritual integrity of human beings before G-d and the desire of the Creator to bestow all blessings on humanity through the full and complete redemption. At the same time, for the sake of children and youth around the world, it is critical that the representatives of the nations affirm and commit publicly to the basic premise, that people respect the very core fabric of life given by the Creator, which the Seven Universal Laws of Noah represent.  - Rabbi YD Kohen